Struts Course

Struts are nothing but open source framework mostly used for making web application whenever we use the term framework means it comprises JSP, servlet, custom tags message resources all in one bundle which makes developer task very easy.

Struts Course & Details

Struts Introduction

Struts is an open source framework that extends the Java Servlet API and employs a Model, View, Controller (MVC) architecture. It enables you to create maintainable, extensible, and flexible web applications based on standard technologies, such as JSP pages, JavaBeans, resource bundles, and XML.

You learn several basic features provided by Struts, as well as how these features are implemented using the IDE. Specifically, you use Struts tags in JSP pages, maintain user data with a Struts ActionForm bean, and implement forwarding logic using a Struts Action object.

You are also shown how to implement simple validation to your application, including setting up warning message for a failed login attempt.

Also, make use of the IDE’s Javadoc which is packaged with the Struts libraries.

Struts Training Curriculum
Struts Architecture

Struts Framework is a standard for developing well-architected Web applications.In this module will discuss about the MVC,model2,XML,Java Beans,Presentation Technology and many more…

• MVC and Model 2
• Command Pattern
• Struts Framework
• More XML
• Less Java!
• Action Mappings
• JavaBeans in Struts
• Working with Forms
• Validation
• Presentation Technology
• Tiles

Action Mappings

The focus in this module is to teach about the action mappings,command pattern for web applications,how to configure struts and also about the exception handlers.

• Command Pattern for Web Applications
• ActionServlet
• Action
• ActionMappings
• Struts Configuration
• Selecting a Forward
• Global Forwards
• Global Exception Handlers
• Declarative Exception Handling


Learn,how to work with html forms,types of forms like action forms Dyna form etc.

• Working with HTML Forms
• Action Forms (Form Beans)
• Relationship to Input
• Relationship to Actions
• Relationship to the Model
• Relationship to Output
• DynaActionForm and Map-Backed Forms
• Validation
• Coarse-Grained Form Beans

Struts Tag Libraries

Here you will learn,how to buid view components,forms,form beans,set of strut tag libraries,what is the scpoe and duration of form data and also about error messages and logic tags.

• Building View Components
• Struts Tag Libraries
• Attributes and Struts Expressions
• Building Forms
• Forms and Form Beans
• Scope and Duration of Form Data
• Managing Hyperlinks
• Error Messages
• Logic Tags

The JSP Standard Tag Library

It provides an implementation of Standard Tag Library for JavaServer Pages (JSTL),tags for manipulating xml,sql and so on..

• JSTL Overview
• JSP Expression Language
• Core Tags
• Formatting Tags
• XML Tags
• SQL Tags
• Mixing JSTL
• EL
• Scripts and Actions

Internationalization And Localization

Understanding about the internationalization and localization using different functions.
• i18n in Java
• i18n in Actions
• i18n in JSTL
• i18n in Validation

Advanced Configuration

The advanced configuration helps you to learn about the configurations of struts,object model,command chains,wildcards,chaining actions and many more..

• Struts Configuration in Depth
• Wildcards
• Extensions
• The Configuration Object Model
• Subclasses
• Plug-Ins
• Integrating Other Frameworks
• Role-Based Security
• Chaining Actions
• The ComposableRequestProcessor Class
• Configuring Command Chains
• Modules

Input Validation

This module explains about the implementation and validations of action form, web applications,struts,how to configure validation,know about the standard validators and types of validations.

• Validation in Web Applications
• Validation in Struts
• The Struts Validator Plug-In
• Validating ActionForm Subtypes
• Configuring Validation
• Standard Validators
• Rules
• Reporting Errors
• Multi-Page Validation
• Client-Side Validation
• Limitations on the Client Side
• Implementing a Validator
• Implementing ActionForm.validate


By the end of this chapter,you will be able to learn the working of tiles attributes,framework,insertions of body-wrap,instantiating and reusable of layouts and contents and also about the stylesheets.

• Consistent Look and Feel
• Reusable Layouts and Content
• The Tiles Framework
• Instantiating Layouts
• Body-Wrap Insertions
• Tiles and Stylesheets
• Working with Tiles Attributes
• The Tiles Context
• Definitions
• Aggregation and Inheritance
• The Tiles Plug-In
• Forwarding to Definitions
• Performance Considerations
• Appendix B: Quick Reference

Under The Hood

This session allows you to know how to reuse the validation rules,specialized strut actions,global objects and graceful validation.

• Global Objects
• Specialized Struts Actions
• The Utility Package
• The Commons BeanUtils Class
• Form Beans as Adapters to the Business Tier
• Reusing Validation Rules
• Graceful Validation

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What is Action Class?

– An Action class in the struts application is used to handle the request.

– It acts as interface or communication medium between the HTTP request coming to it and business logic used to develop the application.

– Action class consists of RequestProcessor which act as controller. This controller will choose the best action for each incoming request, generate the instance of that action and execute that action.

– This should be in thread-safe manner, because RequestProcessor uses the same instance for numbar of requests at same time.

What is Struts Validator Framework?

– Struts Validator Framework enables us to validate the data of both client side and server side.

– When some data validation is not present in the Validator framework, then programmer can generate own validation logic, this User Defined Validation logic can be bind with Validation Framework.

– Validation Framework consist of two XML configuration Files:
1. Validator-Rules.xml file
2. Validation.xml file

What is the need of Struts?

We need Struts in Java because of following reasons:

– Helps in creation and maintenance of the application.

– Make use of Model View Controller (MVC) architecture. Where Model is referring to business or database, View is referring to the Page Design Code, and Controller is referring to navigational code.

– Enables developer to make use of Jakarta Packages, Java Servlets, JavaBeans, ResourceBundles, and XML.

What is MVC?

Model View Controller (MVC) is a design pattern used to perform changes in the application.

Model: Model is referring to business or database. It stores the state of the application. Model has no knowledge of the View and Controller components.

View: View is referring to the Page Design Code. It is responsible for the showing the result of the user’s query. View modifies itself when any changes in the model happen.

Controller: Controller is referring to navigational code. Controller will chose the best action for each incoming request, generate the instance of that action and execute that action.

What design patterns are used in Struts?

There are following types of design patterns are used in Struts:

– Service to Worker
– Dispatcher View
– Composite View (Struts Tiles)
– Front Controller
– View Helper
– Synchronizer Token

Key Features


Overview of Course and Learning analytic’s


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Course Curriculam

Duration: 45 Days

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Video: Yes

Struts Certified Professional